According to the World Health Organization: “Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions.” A disability can fall into one of six general types: Physical, mental, cognitive, intellectual, sensory, and developmental.
Intellectual and cognitive disabilities usually refer to types of learning disabilities and other cognitive impairments, while mental disabilities are usually types of mental illnesses or psychiatric disorders. Physical disabilities are commonly those that affect a person’s mobility or dexterity, while a sensory disability refers to any impairment to organs that provide a person their perception. Developmental disabilities are any type of disability that develops before adulthood and can overlap with any of the mentioned type.
Accessible support and medical care are helping people with disabilities live more fully, and much longer then in the past (Source: Community Living BC).
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